environment: Turn off lights 5th floor and above for migratory birds: Safe Passage Great Lakes Days
During seasonal peak bird migration, residents and property managers are reminded to close shades or turn out lights between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. (or dawn) on tall buildings from the fifth floor and above.
This action assists birds to maintain their natural night navigation patterns and helps prevent the unnecessary death of migrating birds from becoming disoriented and flying into lighted tall buildings. A 2009 State of Michigan proclamation designates the periods of March 15 to May 31 and Aug. 15 to Oct. 31 as Safe Passage Great Lakes Days.
Starting in Chicago, New York City, Toronto and other cities, Safe Passages actions have resulted in significant reductions in migratory bird deaths. The campaign came to Michigan in 2009 with resolutions passed by the State of Michigan and the cities of Ann Arbor, Detroit, Southfield and Jackson.
"More than 250 species of night-migrating birds — including warblers, thrushes and tanagers — fly over Michigan during their spring and fall migrations," explains Will Weber of the Washtenaw Audubon Society. He adds that the deaths of millions of birds each year has been tracked to the apparent effect of tall building lighting, which interferes with the navigation systems of migrating birds flying nearby, causing them to repeatedly circle the illuminated buildings until they either die from exhaustion or from colliding into windows.
Property owners of tall buildings are encouraged to join the Safe Passages Great Lakes efforts by turning off their lights or closing window shades and drapes at night. Individuals can help by turning off lights when they leave an office or a residence and to raise awareness of the fatal light problem by discussing it with family, friends and colleagues. Roof-top airplane navigation beacons required by the FAA are exempt from the resolution.
Individuals who live or work at night in buildings with five floors or higher and who wish to minimize fatal light problems can also help.
- Use blinds and curtains to conceal lighted areas if working after 11 p.m. during Safe Passages Great Lakes days;
- Use desk lamps and task lighting to minimize perimeter lighting;
- Re-schedule night work, such as arrange for custodial services in tall buildings to work from the top down so the upper floor lights are off from 11 p.m. to 6 a.m. (dawn); and
- Establish interior working areas for night activities.
Ann Arbor Environmental Coordinator Matt Naud notes that turning lights off from the fifth floor and up will not only protect the lives of many birds that fly over our city at night but will save money, conserve energy, and reduce pollution as well. This strategy may be useful to consider for year-round implementation, where feasible.
A copy of the resolution and more information on the Safe Passage Great Lakes project are posted on the City of Ann Arbor's Web site.
For interested individuals, additional resources are also available:
- Washtenaw Audubon's Safe Passage program
- Ann Arbor's Safe Passages Great Lakes Days Web page
- Detroit Audubon's Safe Passage Program
- New York's Bird Safe Buildings guidelines PDF (see especially sections on Lights-out program)
Nicole (Lowen) Berg is the MRF education center and special projects coordinator at the City of Ann Arbor. Nicole can be reached at email@example.com. Visit www.a2gov.org for more information on local environmental topics including recycling, composting, water conservation, and choices for green living.
Your World provides local environmental information to our community. Contributing partners include: Washtenaw County's Environmental Health Division; the nonprofit Recycle Ann Arbor; the City of Ann Arbor's Public Services Area, Natural Area Preservation, Systems Planning programs for Energy, Environmental Coordination, Solid Waste, Transportation, and Water Resources.